XPCKit is a Cocoa library for wrapping the XPC C APIs in a handy object-oriented model. It is merely meant as an object-oriented wrapper for the C library, and does not attempt to layer any additional semantics on top. It contains code to run both "clients" (which create connections to services) and "services" (which receive connections), although you can mix and match to write raw C code or Objective-C code between different clients and services.
- Simplified Objective-C API for interacting with XPC processes
- Auto-boxing and auto-unboxing of objects from xpc_object_t objects to:
- NSNumber for bool, UInt64, Int64, and double types
- UUIDs (via a custom XPCUUID class)
- Block-based callbacks
- Probably safe to use from multiple threads
- Auto-boxing and auto-unboxing for
- NSData, backed by shared memory (some code for this exists but it is not reliable, causes crashes, doesn't return consistent data, etc.)
- Compatibility mode for iOS/Snow Leopard
- Both client and service code lives within the app
- A mapping of service names to their classes would be added by the developer to the app's Info.plist
- Objects would be passed through XPCConnection to an XPCService that is contained within the same process
- No xpc_* types would be available
Given this sample data, converted to an NSDictionary, you can see how:
- the client sends this command as a message, and
- the service receives this command, processes it, and sends the response back
You can use XPCKit in the client, service, or both; you just have to include the code. You can include XPCKit in one of three ways:
- Include the source files yourself (everything in XPCKit)
- Make a dependency of XPCKit's framework
- Make a dependency of XPCKit's static library (note: you will need to add linker flags
-ObjC to make this work properly)
Setting up the Client
- In your app, add the XPCKit source files, library or framework
- Set up an XPCConnection object with the name of your service
- Send it a message
Setting up the Service
- If you haven't already, create a new "XPC Service" target (located in Mac OS X > Framework & Library)
- Add the XPCKit source files, library or framework
- Link against the Foundation framework
- Rename "main.c" to "main.m"
- In your main function, call +[XPCService runServiceWithConnectionHandler:] to start listening for incoming connections.
- In the connection handler, set an event handler on the XPCConnection to receive messages.
Copyright 2011 XPCKit
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