TSFileCache 1.0.4

TSFileCache 1.0.4

LangLanguage Obj-CObjective C
License Custom
ReleasedLast Release Dec 2014

Maintained by Unclaimed.

TSFileCache is a simple generic class used to cache some sort of files on the disk - files that will be used later as e.g. icons in the cells of the table view, etc.


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How it works?

You create instance of a class by one of two designed initializers. You can create cache that uses some directory with method cacheForURL: but you can also (and I recommend that option) you method cacheInTemporaryDirectoryWithRelativeURL: which uses directory inside sandbox's temporary directory which is managed by system so you can forget about cleaning this directory.


NSURL *directoryURL = [NSURL fileURLWithPath:...];
TSFileCache *cache = [TSFileCache cacheForURL:directoryURL];


NSURL *url = [NSURL URLWithString:@"/Cache"];
TSFileCache *cache = [TSFileCache cacheInTemporaryDirectoryWithRelativeURL:url];

After instance is created you have to call prepare: method. It prepares directory to work with files. If directory exists it do nothing, but if directory doesn't exists it try to create and return error if false (It's recommend to pass NSError object to the method parameter).

TSFileCache *cache = [TSFileCache cacheInTemporaryDirectoryWithRelativeURL:[NSURL URLWithString:@"/Cache"]];

NSError *error = nil;
[cache prepare:&error];
if (error) {
    /// do something here

Instance may be set as singleton via setSharedInstance: method and get by sharedInstance. You have to now that sharedInstance method does not create any instance of TSFileCache class - it simply return instance that has been set earlier by setSharedInstance, otherwise nil.


TSFileCache *cache = [TSFileCache cacheInTemporaryDirectoryWithRelativeURL:[NSURL URLWithString:@"/Cache/Icons"]];
[TSFileCache setSharedInstance:cache]; /// set


TSFileCache fileCache = [TSFileCache sharedInstance];

When instance is configured use storeData:forKey: to store data on disk, key is used as filename. If file for key exists file will be overwritten. To read data for key use dataForKey: method. If file for key doesn't exists nil will be returned.


UIImage *image = [UIImage imageNamed:@"image.png"];
NSData *data = UIImagePNGRepresentation(image);
[cache storeData:data forKey:@"key"];    


NSData *data = [cache dataForKey:@"key"];

If you want to check if key is set and if file for this key is cached already use existsDataForKey: method instead of dataForKey:. The reason for that is that you may don't know how big is the cached file and it might take a lot of time to read this file. Instead there is only simply check if file exists.


NSString *key = [cache storeDataForUndefinedKey:data];

You can also use method -storeDataForUndefinedKey: to store data if you don't know key with which data should be stored. The key will be generated and returned by method. Key is unique.


[cache removeDataForKey:key];

To remove cached file call removeDataForKey.


BOOL exists = [cache existsDataForKey:@"key"];

TSFileCache works also as a dictionary so you can do something like this:

NSData *data = ...;
_cache[key] = data; /// instead of [_cache storeData:data forKey:key];
id readData = _cache[key]; /// instead of [_cache dataForKey:key];

If you want to subclass TSFileCache and want to use this mechanism with other type than NSData you have to create the same methods but with other types - Check example.

TSFileCache is using NSCache internally so when data is read first time value for this key is stored in NSCache and next time if data is still in the cache it will be used rather than reading again from the disk. System controlls NSCache instance and data can be removed from the cache anytime, and if you want to read again this data which was cached and now it is not TSFileCache will read this data from the disk and caches it again.

If you want to clear directory when files are cached use clear method. Directory will be still there but it will be empty.


[cache clear];

I also added some macro which may be helpful during subclassing because probably some method will be not necessary to be available in the subclass. I use this macro with TSImageCache example in this repo. This macro is using __attribute__(unavailable(...)) and prevents before calling method which should not be called on the subclass of TSFileCache. Macro is defined as __TSFileCacheUnavailable__ and here is simple use of this:

+ (instancetype)cacheInTemporaryDirectoryWithRelativeURL:(NSURL *)relativeURL __TSFileCacheUnavailable__;


NSArray *keys = [cache allKeys];

Use allKeys method to get all keys inside cache directory.


NSDictionary *attributes = [_fileCache attributesOfFileForKey:key error:nil];

Use this method to get attributes of cached files.



  • cache is now exposed as readonly property. Was private ivar. It has been exposed because of performance issues. Sometimes is better to store e.g. UIImage in cache instead of NSData and convert this NSData every time to UIImage. Please familiarize at TSImageCache example.


  • added -removeDataForKey: method.


  • implemented -storeDataForUndefinedKey: method.

  • -prepare: method returns BOOL, earlier was void. It's because static code analyse warnings.

  • implemented -allKeys method.

  • implemented -attributesOfFileForKey:error:.


  • implemented subscripting. TSFileCache instance works as dictionary. instance[@"key"]; id data = instance[@"key"];

  • added existsDataForKey: method to obtain if value for specified key exists. Added because of performance.

  • directoryURL property is not exposed as readonly (was hidden, but it may be useful to know path to directory with cached files),


  • TSFileCache released.


TSFileCache is available under the Apache 2.0 license.

Copyright © 2014 Tomasz Szulc

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at


Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.