SparkiOS 1.0

SparkiOS 1.0

TestsTested
LangLanguage Obj-CObjective C
License Custom
ReleasedLast Release Dec 2014

Maintained by Unclaimed.


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Depends on:
AFNetworking= 1.1.0
SBJson>= 0
 

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Spark iOS API and Example App

The SparkAPI object is designed as a standalone Objective-C interface for use with the Spark API. It implements Spark authentication via the Hybrid or OpenID methods. API calls per HTTP method provide a high-level Spark API interface and return a JSON results array on success while handling errors like session expiration for the client.

This project includes an example iPad and iPhone app that makes use of SparkAPI object to authenticate via Hybrid or OpenID methods, search listings, view listings, view an individual listing with photos and standard fields, and view a user account. View app screenshots for iPad and iPhone.

Requirements

  • iOS 5 or later
  • XCode IDE
  • Running on an iOS device requires an active Apple Developer account

Configuration

Once you register as a Spark developer and receive your Spark Client Id and Client Secret, open the SparkAPI.m file and set the sparkClientId and sparkClientSecret class variables. You must also set the sparkAPIUserAgent with the name of your app or your API requests will not be accepted. The sparkCallbackURL can also be customized but you most likely will want to use the default value to start.

@implementation SparkAPI

// configuration ***************************************************************

static NSString* sparkClientKey = @"<YOUR OAUTH2 CLIENT KEY>";
static NSString* sparkClientSecret = @"<YOUR OAUTH2 CLIENT SECRET>";
static NSString* sparkAPIUserAgent = nil; // set or your API requests will not be successful
static NSString* sparkCallbackURL = @"https://sparkplatform.com/oauth2/callback";

API Examples

Authentication

The SparkAPI object is designed to work with UIWebView and UIWebViewDelegate objects to initiate and process Spark authentication.

Initiating an Authentication Request:

  • To initiate a Hybrid authentication request, encapsulate the getSparkHybridOpenIdURL in a NSURLRequest and call UIWebView loadRequest:.

  • To initiate an OpenID authentication request, encapsulate the getSparkOpenIdURL or getSparkOpenIdAttributeExchangeURL in a NSURLRequest and call UIWebView loadRequest:.

Processing Authentication:

SparkAPI provides two class methods for processing authentication and returning a SparkAPI object upon success:

Both utilize callback blocks that receive asynchronous responses from the Spark API on success or failure.

+ (BOOL) hybridAuthenticate:(NSURLRequest*)request
             success:(void(^)(SparkAPI* sparkAPI))success
             failure:(void(^)(NSString* openIdMode, NSString* openIdError, NSError *httpError))failure;

+ (BOOL) openIdAuthenticate:(NSURLRequest*)request
                         success:(void(^)(SparkAPI* sparkAPI, NSDictionary* parameters))success
                         failure:(void(^)(NSString* openIdMode, NSString* openIdError))failure;

These authentication methods are typically placed in a UIWebViewDelegate object to respond to a NSURLRequest generated after the user provides their Spark credentials. See LoginViewController.m for an example.

- (BOOL)webView:(UIWebView *)webView shouldStartLoadWithRequest:(NSURLRequest *)request navigationType:(UIWebViewNavigationType)navigationType
{
    if([SparkAPI hybridAuthenticate:request
                            success:^(SparkAPI *sparkAPI) {
                                [self processAuthentication:sparkAPI parameters:nil];
                            }
                            failure:^(NSString* openIdMode, NSString* openIdError, NSError *httpError) {
                                NSString* message = nil;
                                if(openIdMode)
                                    message = [self handleOpenIdError:openIdMode openIdError:openIdError];
                                [UIHelper handleFailure:message error:httpError];
                            }])
        return NO;
    else
        return YES;
}

Making API calls

Once an authenticated SparkAPI object is instantiated, api methods corresponding to the four HTTP methods are available as well as general api method. Similar to the authentication methods, all utilize callback blocks that receive asynchronous responses from the Spark API on success or failure.

On success, the results JSON array is parsed from the Spark response object and provided as an argument to the success block.

On failure, sparkErrorCode and sparkErrorMessage are parsed from the returned JSON and provided as arguments to the failure block.

Session renewal is handled automatically by the SparkAPI object when a session token expire error code is returned by the API.

- (void) get:(NSString*)apiCommand
  parameters:(NSDictionary*)parameters
     success:(void(^)(NSArray *resultsJSON))success
     failure:(void(^)(NSInteger sparkErrorCode,
                      NSString* sparkErrorMessage,
                      NSError *httpError))failure;

- (void) post:(NSString*)apiCommand
   parameters:(NSDictionary*)parameters
      success:(void(^)(NSArray *resultsJSON))success
      failure:(void(^)(NSInteger sparkErrorCode,
                       NSString* sparkErrorMessage,
                       NSError *httpError))failure;

- (void) put:(NSString*)apiCommand
  parameters:(NSDictionary*)parameters
     success:(void(^)(NSArray *resultsJSON))success
     failure:(void(^)(NSInteger sparkErrorCode,
                      NSString* sparkErrorMessage,
                      NSError *httpError))failure;

- (void) delete:(NSString*)apiCommand
     parameters:(NSDictionary*)parameters
        success:(void(^)(NSArray *resultsJSON))success
        failure:(void(^)(NSInteger sparkErrorCode,
                 NSString* sparkErrorMessage,
                 NSError *httpError))failure;

- (void) api:(NSString*)apiCommand
  httpMethod:(NSString*)httpMethod
  parameters:(NSDictionary*)parameters
     success:(void(^)(NSArray *resultsJSON))success
     failure:(void(^)(NSInteger sparkErrorCode,
                      NSString* sparkErrorMessage,
                      NSError *httpError))failure;

Below is an example API call to the /my/account Spark API endpoint from the example app. On success, the table view interface is updated. On failure, an alert view is presented to the user.

    [sparkAPI get:@"/my/account"
       parameters:nil
          success:^(NSArray *resultsJSON) {
              if(resultsJSON && [resultsJSON count] > 0)
              {
                  self.myAccountJSON = [resultsJSON objectAtIndex:0];
                  [self.tableView reloadData];
                  [self.activityView stopAnimating];
              }
          }
          failure:^(NSInteger sparkErrorCode,
                    NSString* sparkErrorMessage,
                    NSError *httpError) {
              [self.activityView stopAnimating];
              [UIHelper handleFailure:self code:sparkErrorCode message:sparkErrorMessage error:httpError];
          }];

Logging

The SparkAPI object contains basic log level metering to control output of log messages to the console. By default, the logLevel property is set to SPARK_LOG_LEVEL_INFO to output each API call to the console. To output only errors to the console, call [SparkAPI setLogLevel:SPARK_LOG_LEVEL_ERROR].

Getting Started with your own App

The example app provides a great starting point for building your own Spark-powered iOS app. At a minimum, the core authentication features encapsulated by LoginViewController can be repurposed.

In your AppDelegate didFinishLaunchingWithOptions method, you will need code similar to below that reads any saved tokens and bypasses Login if the session is valid to show your home ViewController. If the session is not valid, the LoginViewController is presented.

    PDKeychainBindings *keychain = [PDKeychainBindings sharedKeychainBindings];
    NSString* accessToken = [keychain objectForKey:SPARK_ACCESS_TOKEN];
    NSString* refreshToken = [keychain objectForKey:SPARK_REFRESH_TOKEN];
    NSString* openIdSparkid = [keychain objectForKey:SPARK_OPENID];

    UIViewController *vc = nil;
    if((accessToken && refreshToken) || openIdSparkid)
    {
        self.sparkAPI = [[SparkAPI alloc] initWithAccessToken:accessToken
                                                 refreshToken:refreshToken
                                                       openId:openIdSparkid];
        vc = [UIHelper getHomeViewController];
    }
    else
    {
        vc = [[LoginViewController alloc] initWithNibName:([UIHelper iPhone] ? @"LoginViewController" : @"LoginViewController-iPad")
                                                   bundle:nil];
        vc.title = @"Login";
    }

    UIViewController *rootVC = nil;    
    if([UIHelper iPhone])
        rootVC = [UIHelper getNavigationController:vc];
    else
        rootVC = [vc isKindOfClass:[LoginViewController class]] ? vc : [UIHelper getSplitViewController];

In LoginViewController, the processAuthentication method should also be modified to save any session state (securely to Keychain or to Core Data) as well as redirect the user to the top ViewController.

    AppDelegate *appDelegate = ((AppDelegate*)[[UIApplication sharedApplication] delegate]);
    appDelegate.sparkAPI = sparkAPI;

    PDKeychainBindings *keychain = [PDKeychainBindings sharedKeychainBindings];
    if(sparkAPI.oauthAccessToken)
        [keychain setObject:sparkAPI.oauthAccessToken forKey:SPARK_ACCESS_TOKEN];
    if(sparkAPI.oauthRefreshToken)
        [keychain setObject:sparkAPI.oauthRefreshToken forKey:SPARK_REFRESH_TOKEN];

    if([UIHelper iPhone])
        [self.navigationController setViewControllers:[NSArray arrayWithObject:[UIHelper getHomeViewController]]
                                         animated:YES];
    else
    {
        AppDelegate* appDelegate = [UIHelper getAppDelegate];
        appDelegate.window.rootViewController = [UIHelper getSplitViewController];
    }

Dependencies

Compatibility

Tested OSs: iOS 6, iOS 5

Tested XCode versions: 4.5

Tested Devices: iPad 3, iPad 2, iPad mini, iPad 1, iPhone 5, iPhone 4