LazyDispatch 0.0.1

LazyDispatch 0.0.1

TestsTested
LangLanguage Obj-CObjective C
License MIT
ReleasedLast Release Dec 2014

Maintained by Unclaimed.


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  • By
  • Rasmus Andersson

Lazy dispatcher

A very thin API + concepts on top of libdispatch (aka Grand Central Dispatch) for Cocoa Objective-C code.

I'm a lazy person and so it hurts me when I have to write so much to do such common things as to schedule various blocks of code in various dispatch queues. This little thing lets me write less code with the added bonus of making the result more readable.

Example

First, using vanilla libdispatch:

dispatch_queue_t parentQueue = dispatch_get_current_queue();
dispatch_async(dispatch_get_global_queue(DISPATCH_QUEUE_PRIORITY_DEFAULT, 0), ^{
  NSLog(@"Block #1 on queue '%s' (parentQueue: '%s')",
        dispatch_queue_get_label(dispatch_get_current_queue()),
        dispatch_queue_get_label(parentQueue));

  dispatch_queue_t parentQueue2 = dispatch_get_current_queue();
  dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{
    NSLog(@"Block #2 on queue '%s'",
          dispatch_queue_get_label(dispatch_get_current_queue()));

    dispatch_async(parentQueue2, ^{
      NSLog(@"Block #3 on queue '%s'",
            dispatch_queue_get_label(dispatch_get_current_queue()));
      exit(0);
    });
  });
});

Now, with LazyDispatch:

sched_background ^(DQueue parentQueue){
  NSLog(@"Block #1 on queue '%s' (parentQueue: '%s')",
        DQueueID(__queue), DQueueID(parentQueue));

  sched_main ^(DQueue parentQueue){
    NSLog(@"Block #2 on queue '%s'", DQueueID(__queue));

    sched(parentQueue) ^{
      NSLog(@"Block #3 on queue '%s'", DQueueID(__queue));
    };
  };
};
Block #1 on queue 'com.apple.root.default-priority' (parentQueue: 'com.apple.main-thread')
Block #2 on queue 'com.apple.main-thread'
Block #3 on queue 'com.apple.root.default-priority'

See. Way simpler yet same performance as no actual overhead is added. We just rephrased things to be a little more readable.

Wow! I can haz so much fun nows!

There are also timers. We love them timers, don't we?!

sched_delay(1, ^{
  NSLog(@"Delayed block executed after one second");
});

Just like e.g. JavaScript, timers can be cancelled:

DTimer timer = sched_interval(13.37, ^{
  NSLog(@"Delayed block sez hi");
});
//...
DTimerStop(timer);

API

Types

  • DQueue — A dispatch queue (alias for dispatch_queue_t)
  • DBlock — A block (alias for dispatch_block_t)
  • DTimer — A timer (alias for dispatch_source_t)

Special variables

  • __queueDQueue — The current queue
  • __main_queueDQueue — The main queue

Keyword expressions

sched_background ^([DQueue parentQueue]) → block

Schedules a block in the background queue. The block can optionally accept an argument which will be the queue from which sched_background was called. The result of the expression is the block itself.

Useful for invoking callbacks and returning control to the same queue, e.g:

- (void)doSomethingFunkyWithCallback:(DBlock)callback {
  sched_background ^(DQueue parentQueue){
    // work work work ...
    sched(parentQueue) callback;
  };
}

sched_main ^([DQueue parentQueue]) → block

Schedules a block in the main queue. The block can optionally accept an argument which will be the queue from which sched_main was called. The result of the expression is the block itself.

sched(DQueue queue) ^([DQueue parentQueue]) → block

Schedules a block in a queue. The block can optionally accept an argument which will be the queue from which sched was called. The result of the expression is the block itself.

Functions

const char* DQueueID(DQueue queue)

Access the human-readable identifier of queue (its "label")

DTimer sched_delay(NSTimeInterval delay, ^([DTimer[, DQueue]]))

Schedule a block in the current queue to execute after delay seconds. You can call DTimerStop on the DTimer object (returned from this function) to cancel a timer before it has triggered.

Example:

// Schedule a block to be run after a delay of one second
sched_delay(1, ^{
  NSLog(@"Delayed block triggered");
});

DTimer sched_interval(NSTimeInterval interval, ^([DTimer[, DQueue]]))

Schedule a block in the current queue to be executed every interval seconds. You are responsible for calling DTimerStop(timer) when the timer is no longer needed.

Example:

// Schedule a block to be run every 1.1 seconds
sched_interval(1.1, ^{
  NSLog(@"Perpetual block triggered");
});

DTimer sched_timer(DQueue queue, NSTimeInterval delay, NSTimeInterval interval, ^([DTimer[, DQueue]]))

Schedule a timer on queue which starts after delay seconds and repeats with interval.

If interval has a positive value, the timer repeats every interval seconds. In this case you are responsible for stopping the timer by calling DTimerStop(timer). If interval is zero or negative, the timer is triggered once and then automatically stopped.

Example:

// Start a timer on `fooQueue` after 1.5 seconds, triggering in 3.5 second intervals
sched_timer(fooQueue, 1.5, 3.5, ^(DTimer timer){
  NSLog(@"Timer %@ triggered on foo queue", timer);
});

DTimer DTimerCreate(DQueue queue, NSTimeInterval delay, NSTimeInterval interval, ^([DTimer[, DQueue]]))

Like sched_timer but only creates a timer (does not schedule it). You need to call DTimerResume in order to schedule the timer.

Example:

DTimer timer = DTimerCreate(fooQueue, 1.5, 3.5, ^(DTimer timer){
  NSLog(@"Timer %@ triggered on foo queue", timer);
});
// ...
DTimerResume(timer);

DTimer DTimerResume(DTimer timer)

Schedule a timer that is not yet scheduled (has been paused by DTimerPause or just created by DTimerCreate.)

Each call to DTimerResume must balance a call to DTimerPause, or there will be violent memory violations that will crash all the things. This is a property of libdispatch, trading tolerance of use for efficiency. Note that the timers returned from sched_delay, sched_interval and sched_timer are already resumed.

DTimer DTimerPause(DTimer timer)

Unschedule a timer that has been scheduled. When pausing a timer and later resuming it, the trigger time does not adjust for the time which during the timer was paused.

DTimer DTimerSetInterval(DTimer timer, NSTimeInterval interval)

Modify and reset the interval of a timer.

Calling this function has no effect if the timer source has already been canceled.

Example:

// Execute a block five times with 1 second interval, then change the interval to
// execute the block with 2 seconds interval.
__block int triggerCount = 0;
sched_interval(1.0, ^(DTimer timer){
  NSLog(@"Perpetual block triggered");
  if (++triggerCount == 5) {
    DTimerSetInterval(timer, 2.0);
  }
});

void DTimerStop(DTimer timer)

Cancellation prevents any further invocation of the handler block for the specified timer, but does not interrupt a handler block that is already executing.

MIT License

Copyright (c) 2012 Rasmus Andersson http://rsms.me/

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.