|ReleasedLast Release||Dec 2014|
Maintained by Soroush Khanlou.
SKBounceAnimation is a
CAKeyframeAnimation subclass that creates an animation for you based on start and end values and a number of bounces. It’s based on the math and technology in this blogpost: khanlou.com/2012/01/cakeyframeanimation-make-it-bounce/ which in turn was based partially on Matt Gallagher’s work here: cocoawithlove.com/2008/09/parametric-acceleration-curves-in-core.html.
Basic code is simple:
NSString *keyPath = @"position.y"; id finalValue = [NSNumber numberWithFloat:300]; [view.layer setValue:finalValue forKeyPath:keyPath]; SKBounceAnimation *bounceAnimation = [SKBounceAnimation animationWithKeyPath:keyPath]; bounceAnimation.fromValue = [NSNumber numberWithFloat:view.center.x]; bounceAnimation.toValue = finalValue; bounceAnimation.duration = 0.5f; bounceAnimation.numberOfBounces = 2; [view.layer addAnimation:bounceAnimation forKey:@"someKey"];
We set the value of our keypath to the final value, and then perform the animation. When the animation finishes, it is automatically removed from the layer, and the
finalValue takes over. If you do not use
-(void)setValue:forKeyPath:, the original value for the keyPath will take over and the animation will snap back to original location after the animation is over.
To learn more about the math, check out the blogpost and the informational post preceding it for exact details, but essentially the system behaves with oscillating exponential decay in the form of the equation:
x = Ae^(-αt)•cos(ωt) + B.
A is the difference between start and end values, B is the end value, α is determined by the number of frames required to get the exponential decay portion to close enough to 0, and ω is determined by the number of periods required to get the desired number of bounces.
shouldOvershoot is a property that you can change. It defaults to
YES; if you set it to
NO, the animation will bounce as if it were hitting a wall, instead of overshooting the target value and bouncing back. It looks a lot like the Anvil effect in Keynote.
shake is a property that controls the oscillation function. Setting it to
YES lets you shake the element instead of moving it. To use it, set the
fromValue to the maximum amount you want it to go to and
toValue to its current location. It uses a sine wave for the oscillation instead of cosine, since it starts at 0 (i.e., the current location.)
stiffness is a property that determines how stiff the "spring" component should be. Acceptable values are
The default is
The demo app contains demos for several different animations that are supported by
position.x, we can animate along one axis.
SKBounceAnimationwill generate a path, and your layer will follow it.
boundskeypath, we can make the size increase. The center of the size increase is determined by
anchorPoint, which can be moved. It defaults to the center of the layer
CATransform3Dstruct and the
transformkeypath, we can scale objects. This is very useful to create an effect like UIAlerts bouncing in. The
anchorPointalso judges how this effect happens.
SKBounceAnimationswith two different
bounds) but attaches them to the same layer. The effect looks like a
SKBounceAnimation doesn’t support the