Commander 0.8.0

Commander 0.8.0

TestsTested
LangLanguage SwiftSwift
License BSD
ReleasedLast Release Oct 2017
SwiftSwift Version 4.0
SPMSupports SPM

Maintained by Kyle Fuller.


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Commander 0.8.0

Commander is a small Swift framework allowing you to craft beautiful command
line interfaces in a composable way.

Usage

Simple Hello World
import Commander

let main = command { (filename:String) in
  print("Reading file \(filename)...")
}

main.run()
Type-safe argument handling

The closure passed to the command function takes any arguments that
conform to ArgumentConvertible, Commander will automatically convert the
arguments to these types. If they can't be converted the user will receive a
nice error message informing them that their argument doesn't match the
expected type.

String, Int, Double, and Float are extended to conform to
ArgumentConvertible, you can easily extend any other class or structure
so you can use it as an argument to your command.

command { (hostname:String, port:Int) in
  print("Connecting to \(hostname) on port \(port)...")
}
Grouping commands

You can group a collection of commands together.

Group {
  $0.command("login") { (name:String) in
    print("Hello \(name)")
  }

  $0.command("logout") {
    print("Goodbye.")
  }
}

Usage:

$ auth
Usage:

    $ auth COMMAND

Commands:

    + login
    + logout

$ auth login Kyle
Hello Kyle
$ auth logout
Goodbye.

Describing arguments

You can describe positional arguments and options for a command to auto-generate help.
This is done by passing in descriptors of these arguments.

For example, for fixed positional arguments with descriptions, you can use:

command(
    Argument<String>("name", description: "Your name"),
    Argument<String>("surname", description: "Your surname"),
    Argument<Int>("count", description: "Number of times to print")
) { name, surname, count in
    for _ in 0..<count {
        print("Hello \(name) \(surname)")
    }
   }.run()

Keep in mind you have to pass 3 required arguments.

Another example, to describe a command which takes two (optional) options, --name and
--count where the default value for name is world and the default value for
count is 1.

command(
  Option("name", default: "world"),
  Option("count", default: 1, description: "The number of times to print.")
) { name, count in
  for _ in 0..<count {
    print("Hello \(name)")
  }
}
$ hello --help
Usage:

    $ hello

Options:
    --name
    --count - The number of times to print.

$ hello
Hello world

$ hello --name Kyle
Hello Kyle

$ hello --name Kyle --count 4
Hello Kyle
Hello Kyle
Hello Kyle
Hello Kyle
Types of descriptors
  • Option - An optional option with a value.
  • Options - A option with a value which can be used multiple times, your command is passed an array containing all option values. You need to specify ahead of time how many values you expect. Example: --myOption value1 value2 value3
  • VariadicOption - Same as options, but instead of a fixed count of values, the user can just repeat the option with additional values. Example: --myOption value1 --myOption value2
  • Flag - A boolean, on/off flag.
  • Argument - A positional argument.
  • VariadicArgument - A variadic argument

NOTE: It's important to describe your arguments after options and flags so the parser can differentiate between --option value and --flag argument.

Using the argument parser

NOTE: ArgumentParser itself is ArgumentConvertible so you can also
get hold of the raw argument parser to perform any custom parsing.

command { (name:String, parser:ArgumentParser) in
  if parser.hasOption("verbose") {
    print("Verbose mode enabled")
  }

  print("Hello \(name)")
}
$ tool Kyle --verbose
Verbose mode enabled
Hello Kyle

Examples tools using Commander

Installation

You can install Commander in many ways, with SPM (Swift Package Manager), Conche, CocoaPods or CocoaPods-Rome.

Frameworks and rpath

It's important to note that the .framework or dynamic library file for
Commander (and any other dependency) must be available at run-time for your
command line tool. Unless you are using SPM.

Applications will look in their rpath which contains paths of where it expects
the .frameworks to be found at.

Using a Swift script, you can use the -F flag for setting framework search
paths, as follows:

#!/usr/bin/env xcrun swift -F Rome

import Commander

For compiled Swift code, you will need to add an rpath pointing to your
dependency frameworks, as follows:

$ install_name_tool -add_rpath "@executable_path/../Frameworks/"  "bin/querykit"

Where "../Frameworks" relative to the executable path is used to find the
frameworks and bin/querykit is the executable.

When installing your executable on other systems it's important to copy the
frameworks and the binary.

Architecture

CommandType

CommandType is the core protocol behind commands, it's an object or
structure that has a run method which takes an ArgumentParser.

Both the command functions and Group return a command that conforms to
CommandType which can easily be interchanged.

protocol CommandType {
  func run(parser:ArgumentParser) throws
}
ArgumentConvertible

The convenience command function takes a closure for your command that
takes arguments which conform to the ArgumentConvertible protocol. This
allows Commander to easily convert arguments to the types you would like
to use for your command.

protocol ArgumentConvertible {
  init(parser: ArgumentParser) throws
}
ArgumentParser

The ArgumentParser is an object that allowing you to pull out options,
flags and positional arguments.

License

Commander is available under the BSD license. See the LICENSE file
for more info.